Nutrient-based therapies for bipolar disorder: a systematic review

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Pharmacotherapy is the first line of treatment for bipolar disorder, but many patients continue to experience persistent subthreshold symptoms. Alternative adjunct treatments, including nutritional therapies, may have the potential to alleviate residual symptoms and improve the outcomes of standard pharmacotherapy. The aim of this paper is to critically review the current clinical evidence […]

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Bipolar disorder and complementary medicine: current evidence, safety issues, and clinical considerations

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a debilitating syndrome that is often undiagnosed and undertreated. Population surveys show that persons with BD often self-medicate with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) or integrative therapies in spite of limited research evidence supporting their use. To date, no review has focused specifically on nonconventional treatments of BD.OBJECTIVES: The […]

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A pilot study of magnesium aspartate hydrochloride (Magnesiocard) as a mood stabilizer for rapid cycling bipolar affective disorder patients

Abstract:
1. Nine severe rapid cycling manic-depressive patients were treated with a magnesium preparation, Magnesiocard 40 mEq/day in an open label study for a period up to 32 weeks. 2. Magnesiocard was found to have clinical results at least equivalent to those of lithium in about 50% of these patients. These results were obtained in […]

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Treatment of severe mania with intravenous magnesium sulphate as a supplementary therapy

Abstract:
Ten patients with severe, therapy-resistant manic agitation received magnesium sulphate infusions with a continuous magnesium (Mg) flow of approximately 200 mg/h (4353+/-836 mg/day; daily monitored Mg plasma level: 2.44+/-0.34 mmol/l) for periods ranging from 7 to 23 days. Concomitant psychotropic treatment consisted of lithium (n = 10), haloperidol (n = 5) and clonazepam (n […]

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Adjunctive nutraceuticals with standard pharmacotherapies in bipolar disorder: a systematic review of clinical trials

Abstract:
OBJECTIVE:   Studies using augmentation of pharmacotherapies with nutraceuticals in bipolar disorder (BD) have been conducted and preliminary evidence in many cases appears positive. To date, however, no specialized systematic review of this area has been conducted. We present the first systematic review of clinical trials using nutrient-based nutraceuticals in combination with standard pharmacotherapies […]

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